Lice removal can oftentimes be a challenge to treat, as the re-infestation rates are high and they readily develop resistance to many popular insecticides used in medications. However, it is thought unlikely that they will develop a resistance to newer oil and silicone-based preparations, as these attack the lice physically rather than chemically.
One of the best ways to remove lice is the wet-combing method. A special louse detection comb, which has tooth-spacing of 0.3mm or less needs to be used for this, which should slowly and methodically be combed through washed and conditioned hair.
The teeth of the comb need to gently touch the scalp and be drawn slowly down to the ends of the hair. After each stroke, the comb should be checked for lice and rinsed or wiped with a damp cloth.
The whole head needs to be worked through, the conditioner rinsed out, and the process repeated in wet hair. The process needs to be repeated after five, nine and 13 days to ensure all hatchlings have been captured.
An alternative method for lice removal is to use a medicated lotion or spray. There are many of these on the market, and a trusted pharmacist should be able to advise the best to use. No treatments will be 100% effective, so using one in addition to wet combing will be best, whilst should only be used if a live louse is found.
When using such treatment, it is important to use as directed by the manufacturer’s instructions. Some need to be left on for 10 minutes, whilst others left on overnight for example. Once again, repeat treatments will be needed.
If problems persist after either method of treatment, seeking professional advice from a doctor is necessary. It is also important that any medication be checked before use by vulnerable groups such as pregnant women, those with allergies and babies under six months.